developer resources. (h) The driver of a motor vehicle transporting a Division 2.1 (flammable gas) material that is a cryogenic liquid in a package exceeding 450 L (119 gallons) of water capacity shall avoid unnecessary delays during transportation. Web1926.453 (a) (1) Unless otherwise provided in this section, aerial lifts acquired for use on or after January 22, 1973 shall be designed and constructed in conformance with the One approved method requires that -, (i) The detonators are in packagings as prescribed in 173.63 of this subchapter which in turn are loaded into suitable containers or separate compartments; and. This connection must be made before any filling hole is opened, and must remain in place until after the last filling hole has been closed. David Ward has written professionally for websites since 2009. While OSHA regulations arent identical to laws, they do follow a rigid process of creation, complete with ample oversight and testing. It can take years for OSHA to introduce a new standard into the Code of Federal Regulations. There are seven distinct steps in this process: (ii) disconnecting the heater's power source. He has published instructional material on numerous websites, as well as in collegiate newspapers including "Cherwell" at the University of Oxford and "Quest" at Reed College. WebExcept as provided in paragraph (b) (4) of this section, the driver of a truck or truck tractor must -. Disinfection may be by any means effective for neutralizing the material released. (2) The heater is not ignited in a loaded vehicle. This check must be made after the pressure in the discharge system has reached at least equilibrium with the pressure in the cargo tank. Its durable aluminum housing and energy efficient design keeps the light cool even in demanding industrial settings. Provides links and references to training and other resources related to the trucking industry. WebOSHA establishes rules for tractor trailers under its guidelines in 1970.178. For Federal Register citations affecting 177.834, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at www.govinfo.gov. (2) The pressure in the cargo tank must be measured at least ten minutes after the manual release is terminated. 177-87, 61 FR 27175, May 30, 1996]. (3) No more than two cargo carrying vehicles may be in the same combination of vehicles. For Federal Register citations affecting 177.835, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at www.govinfo.gov. A cargo tank motor vehicle equipped with a specially designed delivery hose assembly to meet the requirements of 173.315(n)(2) of this subchapter may be unloaded using a delivery hose assembly provided by the receiving facility under the following conditions: (1) The qualified person monitoring unloading must visually examine the facility hose assembly for obvious defects prior to its use in the unloading operation. Division 1.1 or 1.2 (explosive) materials may not be loaded into or carried on any vehicle or a combination of vehicles if: (1) More than two cargo carrying vehicles are in the combination; (2) Any full trailer in the combination has a wheel base of less than 184 inches; (3) Any vehicle in the combination is a cargo tank which is required to be marked or placarded under 177.823; or. The interior of the cargo space must be in good condition so that there will not be any likelihood of containers being damaged by exposed bolts, nuts, broken side panels or floor boards, or any similar projections. site when drafting amendatory language for Federal regulations: In addition, by the compliance dates specified in 173.315(n)(5) and 180.405(m)(3) of this subchapter, the cargo tank motor vehicle must have an emergency discharge control capability that meets the requirements of 173.315(n)(2) or 173.315(n)(4) of this subchapter. A motor carrier who transports hazardous materials by a cargo tank must ensure that the cargo tank is attended by a qualified person at all times during unloading. (s) Off-truck remote shut-off activation device. (d) Multipurpose bulk trucks. WebLoads should be spread as evenly as possible, during both loading and unloading. (2) Prior to unloading, the operator of the vehicle on which the portable tank is transported must ascertain that the conditions of this paragraph (o) are met. (j) Transfer of Class 1 (explosive) materials en route. Unless the engine of a cargo tank motor vehicle is to be used for the operation of a pump, Class 3 material may not be loaded into, or on, or unloaded from any cargo tank motor vehicle while the engine is running. The person who is responsible for loading the cargo tank is also responsible for ensuring that it is so attended. (a) Engine stopped. 177.837 Class 3 (flammable liquid) materials. No bale hooks or other metal tools shall be used for the loading, unloading, or other handling of Class 1 (explosive) materials, nor shall any package or other container of Class 1 (explosive) materials, except barrels or kegs, be rolled. (o) Daily test of off-truck remote shut-off activation device. (u) Unloading of chlorine cargo tank motor vehicles. Cylinders containing Class 2 gases must be securely restrained in an upright or horizontal position, loaded in racks, or packed in boxes or crates to prevent the cylinders from being shifted, overturned or ejected from the motor vehicle under normal transportation conditions. Pressing enter in the search box Discharge of contents of any container, other than a cargo tank or IM portable tank, must not be made prior to removal from the motor vehicle. Choosing an item from This document is available in the following developer friendly formats: Information and documentation can be found in our ( f) Use of tools, loading and unloading. Workers loading and unloading materials should be instructed in safe procedures appropriate to the material they handle. 106A or 110A ( 179.300, 179.301 of this subchapter) that are authorized for the shipment of hazardous materials by highway in part 173 of this subchapter must be carried in accordance with the following requirements: (1) Tanks must be securely chocked or clamped on vehicles to prevent any shifting. No person may unload an IM or UN portable tank while it remains on a transport vehicle with the motive power unit attached except under the following conditions: (1) The unloading operation must be attended by a qualified person in accordance with the requirements in paragraph (i) of this section. Cylinders containing Class 2 (gases) materials shall not be loaded onto any part of the floor or platform of any motor vehicle which is not essentially flat; cylinders containing Class 2 (gases) materials may be loaded onto any motor vehicle not having a floor or platform only if such motor vehicle be equipped with suitable racks having adequate means for securing such cylinders in place therein. The buffer zone maybe established by: (C) Drums containing hazardous materials (e.g., Class 9) that are compatible with materials in all other drums immediately around them; or. The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is the agency that establishes rules for safety in the workplace. For each shipment, the driver shall make a written record of the cargo tank pressure and ambient (outside) temperature: (2) Immediately before and after any manual venting. It is not an official legal edition of the CFR. Figure 3 shows the most common vehicle checked for compliance with weight limit requirements. This requirement does not apply if the activation device is part of a system that will shut off the unloading operation without human intervention in the event of a leak or separation in the hose. A safe haven that conforms to NFPA 498 (IBR, see 171.7 of the subchapter) constitutes a federally approved safe haven for the unattended storage of vehicles containing Division 1.1, 1.2, or 1.3 materials. This web site is designed for the current versions of (2) There is no combustion apparatus in the cargo compartment. (4) The other vehicle in the combination contains any: (i) Substances, explosive, n.o.s., Division 1.1A (explosive) material (Initiating explosive). When 172.101 of this subchapter specifies that Class 1 (explosive) materials may be transported in accordance with 173.66 of this subchapter (per special provision 148 in 172.102(c)(1)), these materials may be transported on the same vehicle with Division 5.1 (oxidizing) materials, or Class 8 (corrosive) materials, and/or Combustible Liquid, n.o.s., NA1993 only under the conditions and requirements set forth in IME Standard 23 (IBR, see 171.7 of this subchapter) and paragraph (g) of this section. Web(4) The rules in this paragraph (b) do not apply to the driver of a sealed commercial motor vehicle who has been ordered not to open it to inspect its cargo or to the driver of a commercial motor vehicle that has been loaded in a manner that makes inspection of its cargo impracticable. While at the loading dock, OSHA states that, "A positive mechanical means to secure trucks or trailers to a loading dock" can be used provided that effectively immobilizes the vehicle. (f) Class 1 (explosive) materials vehicles, floors tight and lined. L. 103-311, 108 Stat. Nothing contained in this paragraph shall be so construed as to prohibit the fueling of machinery or vehicles used in road construction or maintenance. Comments or questions about document content can not be answered by OFR staff. (m) Tanks constructed and maintained in compliance with Spec. Many of the most germane standards for tractor trailers are established by this agency. If you have questions for the Agency that issued the current document please contact the agency directly. (iv) Highway transportation is limited to private and contract carriage and to direct movement from point of origin to destination. Figure 3. 112 of Pub. (B) Cylinders must be transported in an upright position and securely restrained within the trailer, or loaded into racks, secured to pallets, or packed in wooden or fiberboard boxes or crates to prevent the cylinders from shifting or overturning within the motor vehicle under normal transportation conditions. Cylinders containing Division 4.2 (pyrophoric liquid) materials, unless packed in a strong box or case and secured therein to protect valves, must be loaded with all valves and safety relief devices in the vapor space. (h) Lading within body or covered tailgate closed. (d) Unloading combustible liquids. (B) The loading or unloading operations must be physically inspected by a qualified person at least once every sixty (60) minutes. For shipments transported as exclusive use under the provisions of 173.441(b) of this subchapter for packages with external radiation levels in excess of 2 mSv (200 mrem per hour) at the package surface, the motor vehicle must meet the requirements of a closed transport vehicle (see 173.403 of this subchapter). Motor vehicles transporting Division 1.1, 1.2, or 1.3 (explosive) materials shall have tight floors; shall have that portion of the interior in contact with the load lined with either non-metallic material or non-ferrous metals, except that the lining is not required for truck load shipments loaded by the Departments of the Army, Navy or Air Force of the United States Government provided the Class 1 (explosive) materials are of such nature that they are not liable to leakage of dust, powder, or vapor which might become the cause of an explosion. In any event, all practicable means, in addition to these hereinbefore prescribed, shall be taken to protect and warn other users of the highway against the hazard involved in any such transfer or against the hazard occasioned by the emergency making such transfer necessary. This standard would include such mechanical devices as jack stands. WebThis section highlights OSHA standards and documents related to powered industrial trucks. OSHA regulation is concerned primarily with the security of trucks, trailers and railroad cars as they are loaded or unloaded with powered industrial forklifts. (4) The heating system will not heat any part of the cargo to more than 54 C (129 F). (h) Division 4.2 (pyrophoric liquid) materials in cylinders. (e) A motor carrier may not transport a package: (1) Except as provided in paragraph (e)(3) of this section, bearing or required to bear a POISON or POISON INHALATION HAZARD label or placard in the same motor vehicle with material that is marked as or known to be foodstuffs, feed or edible material intended for consumption by humans or animals unless the poisonous material is packaged in accordance with this subchapter and is: (i) Overpacked in a metal drum as specified in 173.25(c) of this subchapter; or. (g) For shipments transported under exclusive use conditions the radiation dose rate may not exceed 0.02 mSv per hour (2 mrem per hour) in any position normally occupied in the motor vehicle. For a cargo tank unloading a material meeting the definition for combustible liquid in 173.150(f) of this subchapter, the qualified person attending the unloading operation must remain within 45.72 meters (150 feet) of the cargo tank and 7.62 meters (25 feet) of the delivery hose and must observe both the cargo tank and the receiving container at least once every five minutes during unloading operations that take more than five minutes to complete. OSHA also has jurisdiction in airport terminals unless the FAA has negotiated an airport manual and safety plan with a carrier which has a provision that preempts OSHA's jurisdiction by Section 4(b)1 for that provision. However, the carrier's obligation to ensure attendance during unloading ceases when: (i) The carrier's obligation for transporting the materials is fulfilled; (ii) The cargo tank has been placed upon the consignee's premises; and. here. The individual beam optics angle provides full illumination along a trailer's length, improving loading dock efficiency. These vehicles must be stenciled with the words For Radioactive Materials Use Only in lettering at least 7.6 cm (3 inches) high in a conspicuous place, on both sides of the exterior of the vehicle. 177-57, 48 FR 10247, Mar. Ammonium nitrate having organic coating must not be loaded in all-metal vehicles, other than those made of aluminum or aluminum alloys of the closed type. (ii) Notwithstanding the segregation requirements of 177.848(d), Division 2.3, Hazard Zone A material may be transported on the same transport vehicle with non-bulk packagings and IBCs meeting a UN performance standard containing only the residue of Division 2.1, 4.3, 5.1, and Class 3 and 8 materials if all of the following requirements are met: (A) The materials are transported in enclosed trailers equipped with inlet and outlet vent openings with a minimum total area of one square foot per 1,000 cubic feet of trailer volume. WebD.On October 30, 1978 OSHA issued Directive STD 1-11.5, which stated that 1910.178 (k) (1) and 1910.178 (m) (7) should not be enforced as they apply to trucks and trailers under the Motor Carrier Act (motor carriers engaged in interstate commerce). (n) Specification 56, 57, IM 101, and IM 102 portable tanks, when loaded, may not be stacked on each other nor placed under other freight during transportation by motor vehicle. WebThe DLL320-23W LED light head for loading docks is an ideal lighting fixture for busy warehouses. For prohibited loading and storage of hazardous materials, see 177.848. 5101-5128; sec. Choosing an item from (2) With an emergency kit for controlling leaks in fittings on the dome cover plate. The following table is to be used in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (b) of this section: Note: The distance in this table must be measured from the nearest point on the nearest packages of Class 7 (radioactive) material. (4) Cylinders for acetylene. (iii) The motive power has been removed from the cargo tank and removed from the premises. 49 U.S.C. Search & Navigation No packaging of nitric acid of 50 percent or greater concentration may be loaded above any packaging containing any other kind of material. Care shall be exercised in the loading and unloading of arsenical dust, arsenic trioxide, and sodium arsenate, allowable to be loaded into sift-proof, steel hopper-type or dump-type motor-vehicle bodies equipped with water-proof, dust-proof covers well secured in place on all openings, to accomplish such loading with the minimum spread of such compounds into the atmosphere by all means that are practicable; and no such loading or unloading shall be done near or adjacent to any place where there are or are likely to be, during the loading or unloading process assemblages of persons other than those engaged in the loading or unloading process, or upon any public highway or in any public place. (3) Bearing a POISON label displaying the text PG III, or bearing a PG III mark adjacent to the POISON label, with materials marked as, or known to be, foodstuffs, feed or any other edible material intended for consumption by humans or animals, unless the package containing the Division 6.1, Packing Group III material is separated in a manner that, in the event of leakage from packages under conditions normally incident to transportation, commingling of hazardous materials with foodstuffs, feed or any other edible material would not occur. For a cargo tank motor vehicle with an off-truck remote control shut-off capability as required by 173.315(n)(3) or (n)(4) of this subchapter, the qualified person attending the unloading operation must be in possession of the activation device at all times during the unloading process. (p) Unloading procedures for liquefied petroleum gas and anhydrous ammonia in metered delivery service. WebTrailer Connections: In the state of Utah, the connection between your truck and the trailer must consist of a drawbar, trailer hitch, or other similar device. To provide against ignition of vapors by discharge of static electricity, the latter connection shall be made at a point well removed from the opening from which the Class 3 (flammable liquid) material is to be discharged. All of that portion of the lading of any motor vehicle transporting Class 4 (flammable solid) or Class 5 (oxidizing) materials shall be contained entirely within the body of the motor vehicle and shall be covered by such body, by tarpaulins, or other suitable means, and if such motor vehicle has a tailboard or tailgate, it shall be closed and secured in place during such transportation: Provided, however, That the provisions of this paragraph need not apply to pick-up and delivery motor vehicles when such motor vehicles are used in no other transportation than in and about cities, towns, or villages.